If you have not checked out my other series, “Getting Started with Bicep” then I would highly suggest starting there so you can familiarize yourself with Azure Bicep including some basic syntax and how to write your first template. This article will walk you through more advanced syntax topics including output variables, loops and more!
Comments in code help you or others figure out what something may do or why it’s there in the first place. While it does not replace full documentation, it is a great way to get a picture of what your code does.
Single Line Comment
You can comment a single line of bicep code by adding ‘//’ to it. In the example below you can see my comment added to the tagging resource that we will go over next!
Instead of adding ‘//’ to every line you want to comment … Continue...
The 2020 Election is happening on November 3rd, and many people have been lining up to vote early due to COVID-19. Now using PowerShell, you can get your registered polling places based on your address, all early voting locations around you, and drop off ballot locations. All of the information is retrieved using Google’s Civic Information API.
Early Voting Locations
To get early voting locations you can use Get-EarlyVotingPlaces or Get-EarlyPollingPlaces. It will return as many results as the API gets and show you the starting date of the location, Name, Polling hours for each day, address, city, state, and zip code.
Ballot Drop Off Locations
If you got a Mail-in ballot, you can look up drop off locations by using, Get-BallotDropOffLocations or Get-DropOffBallotLocations. Note: Not all states publish this data. You will get a max of 10 results back and it will show you the start … Continue...
In this article, I will be showing you how to create an Azure DevOps CI/CD (continuous integration / continuous deployment) Pipeline that will deploy and manage an Azure environment using Terraform. Terraform is a tool for building, changing, and versioning infrastructure safely and efficiently.
Configuration files (In our case, it will be named ‘Main.tf’) describe to Terraform how you want your environment constructed. “Terraform generates an execution plan describing what it will do to reach the desired state, and then executes it to build the described infrastructure. As the configuration changes, Terraform can determine what changed and create incremental execution plans which can be applied.”1
By creating an entire CI/CD pipeline, we can automate our infrastructure-as-code (IaC) deployment. When we have made a change to our Terraform code (adding something, removing something, changing something), the Pipeline will automatically log in to our Azure environment, add any new … Continue...
Recently, I have been doing a lot of Microsoft Intune deployments and write up’s. One of the most time-consuming tasks with Intune is the application portion, where you package applications up to deploy to your end-user machines. Currently, if the application is bundled as an executable (exe), the steps to get it into Intune is as follows:
- Grab the installation executable
- Find the install switches – most common one is the silent switch, but some applications may have other switches you will need as well
- Find the install directory or registry key to tell Intune if it installed correctly or not
- Find the uninstall executable and any switches it has as well
- Wrap the executable in an ‘INTUNEWIN’ format
- Import file into Intune
- Configure the application with the install and uninstall switches as well as the directory it creates to Intune knows if it installed correctly or not
This process … Continue...
I found this fantastic PowerShell module from jseerden that queries Microsoft Graph, and allows for cross-tenant Backup & Restore of your Intune Configuration. The Intune Configuration is backed up as JSON files in a given directory. The module allows an administrator to backup, restore and even compare different Intune backup sets.
The module requires a total of 3 modules to be present, you can install them by running the following commands in an administrative PowerShell prompt:
- AzureAD (
Install-Module -Name AzureAD)
- MSGraphFunction (
Install-Module -Name MSGraphFunctions)
The IntuneBackupandRestore PowerShell module is hosted on the PowerShell Gallery. You can install it by running the following command in an administrative PowerShell prompt:
Install-Module -Name IntuneBackupAndRestore
Connect to Microsoft Graph
Next, we will connect to Microsoft Graph using the “Microsoft Intune PowerShell” application in AzureAD, so you don’t need to create your own … Continue...
I have written several articles on using PowerShell to send alerts and notifications to Microsoft Teams, but up until now they were set up using only the task scheduler. As more and more companies move to the cloud I wanted to see how I could do cloud infrastructure alerting as well. In this article I am using an Azure RunBook to connect to my Office 365 tenant, parse my licenses, and return any that need reconciliation. If you get your Office 365 licenses from a CSP or any other kind of reseller, you may get charged for all of your licenses, applied or not. So it’s a good thing to make sure you don’t have any extra ones lying around.
Set Up the Azure Environment
Resource Group, Runbook and Automation Account Creation
I created a script that you can just change the variables for and it will create the following … Continue...
In my previous article I showed you how you can leverage PowerShell and Intune to set a computers wallpaper even if the OS was not Enterprise or Education. Currently, If you want to set the wallpaper or lock screen wallpaper via Intune Policies, you must be on either Enterprise or Education. In this article I will show you how you can leverage PowerShell and Intune, and set your own lock screen wallpaper no matter the version.
In my example I will use Intune to set the lock screen image of my end user machines to the following image:
First, we need to create a PowerShell script that will do the following:
- Download the wallpaper
- Store the wallpaper locally on the target machine
- Set the lock screen wallpaper
In my example, I want to set my wallpaper as the following image: https://www.thelazyadministrator.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/nicewall.jpg, which will be named wallpaper_LazyAdmin.jpg and stored at … Continue...
I have been recently using Teams as a central location for my organizations technical notifications instead of email as it provides a way for an entire Help Desk team to openly collaborate on the message and its contents. I recently got a request to get a Teams notification when a user gets locked out of their Active Directory account. By setting up a Webhook connector we can make it happen. The script will be triggered from Task Scheduler on Event ID 4740 which is created when a user gets locked out. By using “Search-ADAccount -LockedOut” we can return an array of locked out accounts, but by ordering it by lockout time we can ensure that we grab the most recent locked out user that corresponds to the security event.
I set the script and scheduled task up on my PDC because as far as I know, the actual lockout event … Continue...
In my previous post
I went through setting up a Team’s webhook to send a daily message / notification of all your Active Directory users that have their password expiring in a week or less. This is valuable for an IT team as they can review users and work together on the within the same work space (team).
In this post I will be setting up another scheduled task to send a daily message on Active Directory accounts that have not logged on in 90 days or more. I am also returning attributes like LockedOut, LastLogon, Enabled and more.
The array of users is sorted, showing the users that have not logged on in the longest to the shortest. You can change the sort order to fit the needs of your environment. By using the cmdlet, “New-Timespan” I can get the amount of days since the user last logged on.… Continue...
Microsoft Teams has many connectors available including Incoming Webhook. “This provides an easy solution to post notifications / messages from any scripting language through JSON formatted web service call.”1
In this post I will show you how you can gather all of your users who have passwords expiring within a specified time range, and send a notification including all relevant information to a Teams Channel. In my example I will get all users who have passwords expiring in 7 days and less and have it notify my “Help Desk” Teams Channel.
The current script will parse only enabled users because we don’t need to report on users, ‘passwordlastset’ attribute if the account isn’t even allowed to log in. It will also sort all of our data, so the users with passwords expiring the earliest will always be at the top of the message. The top description under, “Users … Continue...